What is IP address explain in detail

An IP address, or Internet Protocol address, is a unique numerical identifier assigned to every device connected to the internet or a private network. IP addresses allow devices to communicate with each other, enabling data to be transmitted over the internet and other networks.

An IP address is a 32-bit binary number, which is usually represented in decimal form as four sets of numbers separated by dots. The decimal representation is divided into four 8-bit segments, or octets, each of which can have a value between 0 and 255. For example, an IP address might look like this:

Types of IP addresses

There are two types of IP addresses: IPv4 and IPv6. IPv4 addresses, which use a 32-bit format, are the most common type of IP address used today. However, the number of available IPv4 addresses is limited, and as more and more devices are connected to the internet, the supply of IPv4 addresses is becoming depleted. IPv6 addresses, which use a 128-bit format, provide a much larger address space and can accommodate the growing number of devices on the internet.

ip IP address

What IP address do

IP addresses are essential for enabling communication between devices on the internet and other networks. Every device connected to the internet or a network must have a unique IP address in order to receive and transmit data. When a device wants to communicate with another device, it sends data packets to the other device’s IP address. The data packets contain information about the sender and the recipient, as well as the actual data being transmitted.

In addition to providing a means of communication between devices, IP addresses are also used for various other purposes, such as identifying the location of a device, tracking internet usage, and enabling security protocols such as firewalls and intrusion detection systems.

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how to check IP address

There are several ways to check your IP address, depending on the type of device you’re using and the operating system you have. Here are a few methods you can try:

  1. Using a search engine: You can simply type “What’s my IP address” in a search engine such as Google or Bing, and the search results will display your public IP address.
  2. Using the command prompt: For Windows users, you can open the command prompt and type “ipconfig” to view your IP address. For Mac and Linux users, open the terminal and type “ifconfig” or “ip address” to view your IP address.
  3. Checking network settings: You can check your network settings to view your IP address. For example, on a Windows computer, go to “Control Panel > Network and Internet > Network and Sharing Center” and click on “Change adapter settings”. Right-click on the network connection you’re using and select “Status”, and then click on “Details” to view your IP address.
  4. Using a website: There are many websites that can display your IP address, such as WhatIsMyIP.com, IPChicken.com, or WhatIsMyIPAddress.com.

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Note that there are two types of IP addresses – public and private. The methods above will display your public IP address, which is the address that is used to identify your device on the internet. Your private IP address is used to identify your device on your local network and can be found in your network settings.

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